The Five Stages of Team Development Principles of Management

Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success. They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations. Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. Learning how to work successfully with others is known as team development.

This is the second stage of team development, where the group starts to sort itself out and gain each others’ trust. This stage often starts when they voice their opinions; conflict may arise between team members as power and status are assigned. At this stage there is often a positive and polite atmosphere, people are pleasant to each other, and they may have feelings of excitement, eagerness and positiveness. The leader of the team will then describe the tasks to the group, describe the different behaviours to the group and how to deal and handle complaints. Tolerance of each team member and their differences should be emphasized; without tolerance and patience the team will fail. This phase can become destructive to the team and will lower motivation if allowed to get out of control.

What Are The 4 Stages Of Team Development?

The team needs clarity and connection more than anything else at this stage. Take the time to call out assumptions about the work and (more importantly) how you’ll work together. Solving problems face-to-face instead of over email or chat is a good investment right now because you’ll get a richer sense of who your teammates are as people. Boost motivation by helping your employees understand why their work matters. In this free ebook, learn how to create a shared sense of purpose on your team. Keep employee engagement high with private and public recognition.

  • While those people are still available when we need them, we usually don’t.
  • And while conflicts and obstacles continue to emerge, they are handled well.
  • As you might expect, leaders play an important part in establishing productive norms by acting as role models and by rewarding desired behaviors.
  • After a project is over or if a team is disbanded, team members who worked together will go into a small mourning period.
  • There will be a higher chance of realizing the project goals within the timelines set at the forming stage.
  • As the team begins to move towards its goals, members discover that the team can’t live up to all of their early excitement and expectations.

Check in with your team to ensure you give them the level of support they need. Ensure they feel confident to approach management for help or reach out to fellow team members for encouragement. You’ll identify and assign team member roles during the forming stage. The adjourning stage occurs when the goals have been achieved or the project completed. The team members may also feel a renewed sense of commitment to their goals or project. The team is now highly focused on the project goals and objectives.

Navigating the “norming” stage

The anticipation of all of the adventures that are about to occur is what makes activities such as this so much fun. You and your teammates trust each other enough to get a little creative and innovative, while still delivering top-notch work on time. Remove obstacles by coordinating tightly with adjacent and upstream teams. Validate your assumptions about what your customers need, then proactively decide what you’re not doing right now so you don’t get distracted. When you start to sense that the left hand knows what the right hand is doing, you’ve made it into the “norming” stage.

what are the 4 stages of team development

Discover all templates Made to solve challenges quickly and build stronger relationships with your team. Engagement Get to know your people with Pulse Surveys, eNPS scoring, anonymous feedback and messaging. Figure 1, helps understand the characteristics of each stage in details and lists the best strategies to succeed. From your project experience, describe how the project kickoff meeting for one project could have been improved. Here’s the thing, the line between certain stages can get blurred since team members evolve at different times.

All Plans

Team members can even communicate through Motion — they can easily reach out with questions, concerns, and updates. Begin your efforts in the forming stage as you gather everyone together.

what are the 4 stages of team development

The apprehensive behavior usually arises because members are unsure about the project goals and their roles. However, once that’s explained, they’ll adjust to the roles that await them. As the name suggests, team development entails training and supporting a group of individuals so that they work as a cohesive unit to realize the intended outcome. An excellent example of team development is when colleagues from different departments partner to work on a project. Getting everyone on the same wavelength sounds easy on paper, but that isn’t the case.